How to Say "And" in Chinese
Some English words have several possible Mandarin Chinese translations. Knowing when to use the correct word is one of the main challenges for both beginner-level Mandarin students and professional translators alike.
For example, the English word for "can" has at least three possible Mandarin translations: 能 (néng), 可以(kě yǐ), and 会 (huì).
Another English word with multiple translations is “and”. You may think that there can be no possible variations on "and", but read on and discover the nuances of this simple word.
In sentences which combine nouns or noun phrases, there are three ways to say "and." All three of these connectors are interchangeable and commonly used. They are:
hé - 和
hàn - 和
gēn - 跟
Note that hé and hàn are the same character. The hàn pronunciation is most commonly heard in Taiwan.
SENTENCE EXAMPLES OF JOINING NOUNS
He and I are colleagues.
Wǒ hàn tā shì tóngshì.
Both pineapple and mango are good to eat.
Fènglí hé mángguǒ dōu hěn hǎo chī.
(traditional form) 鳳梨和芒果都很好吃｡
(simplified form) 凤梨和芒果都很好吃｡
She and mom went for a walk.
Tā gēn māma qù guàng jiē.
This pair of shoes and that pair of shoes are the same price.
Zhè shuāng xié gēn nà shuāng xié jiàqian yíyàng.
The Mandarin Chinese character 也 (yě) is used to join verbs or verb phrases. It translates as either “and” or “also”.
SENTENCE EXAMPLES USING YĚ
I like to watch movies and listen to music.
Wǒ xǐhuan kàn diànyǐng yě xǐhuan tīng yīnyuè.
He doesn’t like to go for walks and he doesn’t like to exercise.
Tā bù xǐhuan guàng jiē yě bù xǐhuan yùndòng.
OTHER TRANSITION WORDS
There are a few Mandarin Chinese words that can be translated as “and”, but which more accurately mean “furthermore," “moreover,” or other such transition words. These words are sometimes used to show a cause and effect relationship between the two phrases.
Chinese transition words include:
ér qiě - 而且: additionally
bìng qiě - 並且 (traditional) / 并且 (simplified): and; moreover
rán hòu - 然後 / 然后: and then
yǐ hòu - 以後 / 以后: and after
hái yǒu - 還有 / 还有: even more; on top of that
cǐ wài - 此外: furthermore
SENTENCE EXAMPLES OF TRANSITION WORDS
This is a very good movie and (moreover) the music is very nice.
Zhè bù diànyǐng hěnhǎokàn érqiě yīnyuè hěnhǎo tīng.
This knapsack is very practical and (furthermore) the price is reasonable.
Zhègè fángshuǐ bēibāo hěn shíyòng bìngqiě jiàgé hélǐ.
We can first go have dinner and then see a movie.
Wǒmen xiān qù chī wǎncān ránhòu zài qù kàn diànyǐng.
Eat dinner, and then you can eat dessert.
Chī wán wǎncān yǐhòu jiù néng chī tián diǎn.
I'm cold because I didn't wear enough clothes, and on top of that it's snowing now.
Wǒ lěng yīnwèi wǒ chuān bùgòu yīfú, hái yǒu xiànzài xià xuěle.
Let's quickly go see the cherry blossoms. The weather is nice today, furthermore it will rain tomorrow.
Wǒmen kuài qù kàn yīnghuā. Tiānqì hěn hǎo, cǐwài míngtiān huì xià yǔ.