作者： 来源：中国旅游网 2014-04-03 10:00:01.000
Hangzhou is a city located in Zhejiang Province (浙江省 Zhèjiāngshěng ), eastern China. As a part of the famous Shanghai, Hangzhou(杭州 Hángzhōu), Suzhou scenic triangle south of the Yangtze River (长江 Chángjiāng), the city is a top China tourist city renowned for its beautiful gardens, canals and other treams. Hangzhou is a city intertwining past and present in an intelligent way. Indeed, the city is listed as one of China's Seven Ancient Capitals and flourishes with lots of historical and cultural relics mingling with lush sceneries, a scenic spot barely seen anywhere else in the country. Hangzhou is a modern and prosperous city of China situated just a few kilometers away from Shanghai and is also a jewel of cultural heritages and natural beauty. Bathing in a monsoon subtropical climate, the city borders the Yangtze River to the south and is bounded by hills to its west. Being a crucial southern stop of the Grand Canal (京杭大运河 Jīnghángdàyùnhé) that goes to Beijing, the city of Hangzhou is just a marvel and must-see scenic spot while touring the Province and Shanghai!
History of Hangzhou – One of China's Seven Ancient Capital Cities
The history of Hangzhou can be traced back to the Qin Dynasty, in 221 BC. By 610 AD, the linking of the city to Beijing was done by the Grand Canal passing through famous cities such as Suzhou (苏州 Sūzhōu), Jining (济宁 Jìníng) or Tianjin (天津 Tiānjīn): a tremendous boost for the city. Hangzhou started to prosper at the beginning of the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907), namely, when it started to be the capital city of the Wuyue Dynasty (904 - 978) during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period (五代十国 Wǔdàishíguó). In great heyday as a capital then called Lin'an (临安 Lín'ān ) during the Song Dynasty (1127 - 1279), after the Emperor fled the Jurchen (女真 Nǚzhēn) invasion of Kaifeng (开封 Kāifēng), the city of Hangzhou developed a lot for finally turned into a prosperous commercial city. Becoming a stop-off point on Marco Polo's journey to Asia during the 13th century, Hangzhou was already described as one of the most beautiful water townships in the world and inspired famous Chinese poets such as Bai Juyi (白居易 Báijūyì) and Su Dongpo (苏东坡 Sūdōngpō). Undertaking dark episodes starting in 1861 with the siege of Taiping (太平天国 Tàipíngtiānguó) to the city, Hangzhou survived some devastation and other warfares. Despite the few surviving dynasties' monuments, Hangzhou is a fairly modern architectural city where little spots of historical Song monuments, canals and gardens intertwine. Renowned for its great West Lake (西湖 Xīhú ) landscape and lush vegetation, Hangzhou is a must-see visit during your trip and a famous embodiement of Chinese balance and harmony.
Hangzhou nowadays – A natural beauty intertwining with historical sites
While touring Hangzhou, tourists may definitely have a look at the West Lake, which is renowned for its natural beauty and historical sites. Scenic areas in Hangzhou are numerous and filling everyone's curiosity: pagodas, temples, gardens, ponds, etc... Hangzhou is a dynamic city where relaxing is still possible compared to other big Chinese cities. Seekers of mountain views will be pleased by the skyline of this charming city. Travelers to Hangzhou may fill the modernity and the extremely good transportation facilities of the place suggested by the nearby sprawling metropolis of Shanghai. Traveling to China is also the opportunity to experience the great diversity of its cuisine and traditional teahouses. Hangzhou's dishes are reputed for being sophisticated and surprising ones:Beggar's Chicken (叫花鸡 Jiàohuājī), West Lake Fish (西湖醋鱼 Xīhú cùyú ), Dongpo Pork (东坡肉 Dōngpōròu) and Fried Shrimps, Longjing Tea (龙井茶 Lóngjǐng chá )... Hangzhou is a memorable place to any gourmet and a top China city to discover!