安徽(ān huī)Anhui province
Anhui is a province in the People's Republic of China. Located in eastern China across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huai River, it borders Jiangsu to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, Jiangxi to the south, Hubei to the southwest, Henan to the northwest, and Shandong for a tiny section in the north. The capital of the province is Hefei.The name "Anhui" derives from the names of two cities in south Anhui, Anqing and Huizhou (now Huangshan City). The abbreviation for Anhui is "皖" (Wǎn), because there were historically a State of Wan, a Mount Wan, and a Wan river in the province.
北京(běi jīng)Beijing--- ---老北京一派公子范儿
Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world. The population as of 2010 was 19,612,368. The metropolis, located in northern China, is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the national government, with 14 urban and suburban districts and two rural counties. Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast.
Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban population after Shanghai and is the nation's political, cultural, and educational center.It is home to the headquarters of most of China's largest state-owned companies, and is a major hub for the national highway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks. The Beijing Capital International Airport is the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic.
The city's history dates back three millenia. As the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, Beijing has been the political center of the country for much of the past seven centuries.The city is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, gardens, tombs, walls and gates, and its art treasures and universities have made it a center of culture and art in China. Few cities in the world have been the political and cultural center of an area as immense for so long.
重庆(chóng qìng)Chongqing--- ---山城重庆棒棒多
Chongqing is a major city in Southwest China and one of the five national central cities in the People's Republic of China (PRC). Administratively, it is one of the PRC's four direct-controlled municipalities (the other three are Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin), and the only such municipality in inland China.Chongqing has a significant history and culture and serves as the economic centre of the upstream Yangtze basin. It is the major manufacturing centre, and a transportation hub, for Southwest China, and in a July 2012 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit, was named as one of the 13 emerging megacities, or megalopolises, in China.
福建(fú jiàn)Fujian province
福建(fú jiàn)Fujian province--- ---客家人等你来喝茶
Fujian, formerly romanised as Fukien or Foukien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.The province is mostly mountainous, and is traditionally described to be "Eight parts mountain, one part water, and one part farmland" (八山一水一分田). Fujian is one of the more affluent provinces with many industries spanning tea production, clothing and sports manufacturers
甘肃(gān sù)Gansu province
甘肃(gān sù)Gansu province--- ---既得陇，复望蜀
Gansu is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.Gansu has a population of 26 million (2009) and has a large concentration of Hui Chinese, and the historical home, along with Shaanxi of the dialect of the Dungans, who are Hui who migrated to Central Asia. The southwestern corner of Gansu is home to a large ethnic Tibetan population. The capital is Lanzhou, located in the southeast part of the province. Gansu is abbreviated as "甘" (Gān) or "陇" (Lǒng), and is also known as Long West or Long Right, in reference to the Long Mountain east of Gansu.
广东(guǎng dōng)Guangdong province
广东(guǎng dōng)Guangdong province--- ---妖都广州，吃省广东！
Guangdong is a province on the South China Sea coast of the People's Republic of China. The provincial capital Guangzhou and economic hub Shenzhen are amongst the most populous and important cities in China. The province contributes approximately 12% of the PRC's national economic output, and is home to the production facilities and offices of a wide-ranging set of multinational and Chinese corporations. Guangdong also hosts the largest Import and Export Fair in China called the Canton Fair in Guangdong's capital city Guangzhou.
广西(guǎng xī)Guangxi Autonomous Region
广西(guǎng xī)Guangxi Autonomous Region--- ---桂林山水甲天下
Guangxi , officially Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GZAR), is an autonomous region of southern China along its border with Vietnam. Formerly a province, Guangxi became an autonomous region in 1958. Guangxi's location, in mountainous terrain in the far south of China, has placed it on the frontier of Chinese civilization throughout much of China's history. The current name "Guang" means "expanse" and has been associated with the region since the creation of Guang Prefecture in AD 226. It was given provincial level status during the Yuan Dynasty, but even into the 20th century it was considered an open, wild territory.The abbreviation of the province is "桂" (Guì), which comes from the city of Guilin, the former capital, center of much of Guangxi's culture, politics, and history, and currently a major city in the autonomous region.
贵州(guì zhōu)Guizhou province
贵州(guì zhōu)Guizhou province--- ---贵州茅台，天下共饮
Guizhou is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. Its provincial capital city is Guiyang.From around 1046 BCE to the emergence of the Qin Dynasty, northwest Guizhou was part of the State of Shu.Overall Guizhou is a mountainous province however it is more hilly in the west while the eastern and southern portions are relatively flat.
海南(hǎi nán)Hainan province
海南(hǎi nán)Hainan province--- ---阳光海滩，椰子草裙
Hainan is the smallest province of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The name "Hainan" also refers to Hainan Island (海南岛, Hǎinán Dǎo), the main island of the province. Hainan is located in the South China Sea, separated from Guangdong's Leizhou Peninsula to the north by the shallow and narrow Qiongzhou Strait. Hainan Province is the largest Special Economic Zone laid out by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in the late 1980s. Hainan has over 1,500 km2 of tropical forest, in which live 4,600 kinds of plants and more than 570 species of animals. However, an invasion of exotic species, human impact from tourist, deforestation, and the release of pollutants, a many species are under threat.
河北(hé běi)Hebei province
河北(hé běi)Hebei province--- ---河北驴肉火烧，吃出一个爽快
Hebei is a province of the People's Republic of China in the North China region. Its one-character abbreviation is "冀" (jì), named after Ji Province, a Han Dynasty province (zhou) that included what is now southern Hebei. The name Hebei means "north of the river", referring to its location completely above the Yellow River. Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities, which border each other, were carved out of Hebei. The province borders Liaoning to the northeast, Inner Mongolia to the north, Shanxi to the west, Henan to the south, and Shandong to the southeast. Bohai Bay of the Yellow Sea is to the east. A small part of Hebei, an exclave disjointed from the rest of the province, is wedged between the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin. A common alternate name for Hebei is Yānzhào (燕趙), after the state of Yan and state of Zhao that existed here during the Warring States Period of early Chinese history.
黑龙江(hēi lóng jiāng)Heilongjiang province
黑龙江(hēi lóng jiāng)Heilongjiang province--- ---北大荒的黑土地资源丰富
The Amur or Heilong Jiang is the world's tenth longest river, forming the border between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China (Inner Manchuria). The largest fish species in the Amur is the kaluga, attaining a length as great as 5.6 metres.
河南(hé nán)Henan province
河南(hé nán)Henan province --- ---逐鹿中原，问鼎天下
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. Henan is often referred to as Zhongyuan (中原 zhōngyuán) or Zhongzhou (中州 zhōngzhōu) which literally means "central plains" or "midland", although the name is also applied to the entirety of China proper. Henan is the birthplace of Chinese civilization with over 5,000 years of history, and remained China's cultural, economical, and political center until approximately 1,000 years ago. Numerous heritages have been left behind including the ruins of Shang Dynasty capital city Yinxu and the Shaolin Temple. Four of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China, Luoyang, Anyang, Kaifeng, and Zhengzhou are located in Henan.
湖北(hú běi)Hubei province
湖北(hú běi)Hubei province--- ---武昌起义、共和国大批将领的出生地，湖北岂可缺席中国革命？
Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting. The provincial capital is Wuhan, a major transportation thoroughfare and the political, cultural, and economic hub of Central China.Hubei is officially abbreviated to "鄂" (È), an ancient name associated with the eastern part of the province since the Qin dynasty, while a popular name for Hubei is "楚" (Chǔ), after the powerful state of Chu that existed here during the Eastern Zhou dynasty. It borders Henan to the north, Anhui to the east, Jiangxi to the southeast, Hunan to the south, Chongqing to the west, and Shaanxi to the northwest. The high-profile Three Gorges Dam is located at Yichang, in the west of the province.
湖南(hú nán)Hunan province
湖南(hú nán)Hunan province--- ---辣妹子辣，辣妹子辣
Hunan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the south-central part of the country to the south of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting. Hunan became an important communications center due to its position on the Yangzi River (Changjiang). It was also on the Imperial Highway constructed between northern and southern China. Hunan cuisine is noted for its use of chili peppers.
内蒙古(nèi měng gǔ)Inner Mongolia
内蒙古(nèi měng gǔ)Inner Mongolia--- ---西北望，射天狼，风吹草低见牛羊
Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in the northern region of the country. The Autonomous Region was established in 1947 on the area of former Republic of China provinces of Suiyuan, Chahar, Rehe, Liaobei and Xing'an along with the northern parts of Gansu and Ningxia. It is the third-largest subdivision of China spanning about 1,200,000 km² or 12% of China's total land area. It has a population of about 24 million as of 2004. The majority of the population in the region are Han Chinese, with a substantial Mongol minority. The official languages are Chinese and Mongolian, the latter written in the Mongolian script, as opposed to the Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet used in the state of Mongolia.
江苏(jiāng sū)Jiangsu province
江苏(jiāng sū)Jiangsu province--- ---苏州刺绣，天下为之一羞
Jiangsu is an eastern coastal province of the People's Republic of China. Since the initiation of economic reforms in 1990, Jiangsu has been a hot spot for economic development, and now has the highest GDP per capita of all Chinese provinces. The wealth divide between the rich southern regions and the more rural north, however, remains a prominent issue.
江西(jiāng xī)Jiangxi province
江西(jiāng xī)Jiangxi province--- --- 江西景德镇，美名天下传
Jiangxi is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country. Jiangxi is also alternately called "Gompotaiti" (贛鄱大地) which literally means the "Great Land of Gan and Po". Jingdezhen is widely regarded as the producer of the best porcelain in China.
吉林(jí lín)Jilin province
吉林(jí lín)Jilin province--- --- 长白山上现东北老虎
Jilin is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. The literal meaning of the Chinese characters for "Jilin" is "auspicious forest".Jilin province is rich in natural mineral deposits with 136 different types of minerals, of which 70 have already been extracted. Jilin has abundance of Traditional Chinese medicine resources, with approximately 27,000 kinds of wild plants and 9,000 kinds of medicinal herbs.
辽宁(liáo níng)Liaoning province
辽宁(liáo níng)Liaoning province--- ---仙风鹤骨，水饺糖葫芦
Liaoning is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast of the country. Liaoning is well known for its extraordinary fossils from the Lower Cretaceous period; e.g., the early 'placental' mammal known as Eomaia. Liaoning is located in the southern part of the Northeast, and is often called "the Golden Triangle".
宁夏(níng xià)Ninghsia Autonomous Region
宁夏(níng xià)Ninghsia Autonomous Region--- ---西通西域，北连大漠，内接中原
Ningxia is an autonomous region of China located in the northwest part of the country. The Yellow River flows through Ningxia. The Ningxia ecosystem is one of the least studied regions in the world. Ningxia has a larger Muslim and a small Christian population.
青海(qīng hǎi)Qinghai province
青海(qīng hǎi)Qinghai province--- ---天海锁钥，玉塞咽喉
Qinghai is a province of China located in the northwest of the country. As one of the largest province-level administrative division of China by area, the province is ranked fourth-largest in size, but has the third-smallest population. Located mostly on the Tibetan Plateau. The majority Han Chinese mostly live in the provincial capital of Xining to the north east. Qinghai borders Gansu on the northeast, the Xinjiang on the northwest, Sichuan on the southeast, and the Tibet Autonomous Region on the southwest.
陕西(shǎn xī)Shaanxi Province
陕西(shǎn xī)Shaanxi Province--- ---关中之固，金城千里，兵马俑起，三秦之地
Shaanxi is a province of the People's Republic of China, officially part of the Northwest China region. It includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River in addition to the Qin Mountains (Qinling) across the southern part of this province. Shaanxi is the historical home, along with Gansu of the dialect of the Dungans, of the Hui people, who emigrated out of China to Central Asia.
山东(shān dōng)Shandong province
山东(shān dōng)Shandong province--- ---山东汉子讲义气好喝酒
Shandong has played a major role in Chinese history from the beginning of Chinese civilization along the lower reaches of the Yellow River and served as a pivotal cultural and religious site for Taoism, Chinese Buddhism, and Confucianism. Shandong's Mount Tai is the most revered mountain of Taoism and one of the world's sites with the longest history of continuous religious worship. The Buddhist temples in the mountains to the south of the provincial capital of Jinan were once among the foremost Buddhist sites in China. The city of Qufu is the birthplace of Confucius, and was later established as the center of Confucianism. Shandong's location at the intersection of ancient as well as modern north-south and east-west trading routes have helped to establish it as an economic center. After a period of political instability and economic hardship that began in the late 19th century, Shandong has emerged as one of the most populous (95,793,065 inhabitants at the 2010 Census) and most affluent provinces in the People's Republic of China (GDP of 3.94 trillion CNY in 2010).
上海(shàng hǎi)Shanghai--- ---上海的小笼馒头要吃伐
Shanghai is the largest city by population in China and the largest city proper by population in the world. It is one of the four province-level municipalities of the PRC, with a total population of over 23 million as of 2010. It is a global city, with influence in commerce, culture, finance, media, fashion, technology, and transport. It is a major financial center and the busiest container port in the world.
山西(shān xī)Shanxi province
山西(shān xī)Shanxi province--- ---老陈醋要不要？煤炭要不要？
Shanxi is a province of China, located in the North China region.Its geographic location limits it participation in international trade, which involves mostly eastern coastal provinces. Important crops in Shanxi include wheat, maize, millet, legumes, and potatoes. The local climate and dwindling water resources limits agriculture in Shanxi.
四川(sì chuān)Sichuan province
四川(sì chuān)Sichuan province--- ---熊猫的萌呆，四川的变脸
Sichuan is a province of China, located in the southwest of the country. The current name of the province, "四川", is an abbreviation of "四川路" (Sì Chuānlù), or "Four circuits of rivers", which is itself abbreviated from "川峡四路" (Chuānxiá Sìlù), or "Four circuits of rivers and gorges", named after the division of the existing circuit into four during the Northern Song Dynasty. The capital is Chengdu, a key economic centre of Western China.
天津(tiān jīn)Tianjin--- ---咱夸一夸天津那狗不理包子！
Tianjin is a metropolis in northern China and one of the five national central cities of China. It is the fourth largest in China, after Shanghai and Beijing and Guangzhou. Tianjin is a dual-core city, with its main urban area (including the old city) located along the Hai River, which connects to the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers via the Grand Canal; and Binhai, a New Area urban core located east of the old city, on the coast of Bohai Sea. As of the end of 2010, around 285 Fortune 500 companies have set up base in Binhai, which is a new growth pole in China and is a hub of advanced industry and financial activity. Since the mid-19th century, Tianjin has been a major seaport and gateway to the nation's capital.
西藏(xī zàng)Tibet autonomous region
西藏(xī zàng)Tibet autonomous region--- ---扎西德勒
Tibet is a province-level autonomous region of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Tibet is identified with the Autonomous Region. The current borders of Tibet were generally established in the 18th century and includes about half of ethno-cultural Tibet. The Tibet Autonomous Region is the second-largest province-level division of China by area, spanning over 1,200,000 square kilometres (460,000 sq mi), after Xinjiang, and mostly due to its harsh and rugged terrain, is the least densely populated provincial-level division of the PRC.
新疆(xīn jiāng)Xinjiang (Uygur Autonomous Region)
新疆(xīn jiāng)Xinjiang (Uygur Autonomous Region) --- ---大漠戈壁、天山雪水、葡萄美酒
Xinjiang is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China in the northwest of the country. It was known as Huijiang (回疆), meaning "Muslim Frontier," during the Qing Dynasty before becoming the province of Xinjiang, which literally means "New Frontier" or "New Border," in the 1880s. The general region of Xinjiang has been known by many names in earlier times including 西域 (Mandarin: xiyu) = 'Western Regions', Chinese Tartary, High Tartary, East Chagatay, Mugholistan, Kashgaria, Altishahr ('the six cities' of the Tarim), Little Bokhara and Serindia.The name "Xinjiang", which literally means "New Frontier," was given during the Qing Dynasty. Present-day Jinchuan County was known as "Jinchuan Xinjiang", etc. After 1821, the Qing changed the names of the other regained regions, and "Xinjiang" became the name specifically of present-day Xinjiang.
云南(yún nán)Yunnan province
云南(yún nán)Yunnan province--- ---孔雀舞动的圣地
Yunnan is situated in a mountainous area, with high elevations in the northwest and low elevations in the southeast. Most of the population lives in the eastern part of the province. In the west, the relative height from mountain peaks to river valleys can be as much as 3,000 metres. Yunnan is rich in natural resources and has the largest diversity of plant life in China. Of the approximately 30,000 species of higher plants in China, Yunnan has perhaps 17,000 or more. Yunnan's reserves of aluminium, lead, zinc and tin are the largest in China, and there are also major reserves of copper and nickel.
浙江(zhè jiāng)Zhejiang province
浙江(zhè jiāng)Zhejiang province--- ---温州赚钱，杭州修身，财艺双绝，两不耽误
Zhejiang is an eastern coastal province of China. The word Zhejiang (crooked river) was the old name of the Qiantang River, which passes through Hangzhou, the provincial capital. Zhejiang consists mostly of hills, which account for about 70% of its total area.he province is traditionally known as the "Land of Fish and Rice". True to its name, rice is the main crop, followed by wheat; north Zhejiang is also a center of aquaculture in China, and the Zhoushan fishery is the largest fishery in the country. The main cash crops include jute and cotton, and the province also leads the provinces of China in tea production.