The Guliangzhuan 谷梁传Commentary by Guliang
The Guliangzhuan 谷梁传 is a commentary to the Confucian Classic Chunqiu 春秋 "Spring and Autumn Annals". It is traditionally attributed to Guliang Chi 谷梁赤 (also called Guliang Xi 谷梁喜 or Guliang Shu 谷梁淑) from the state of Lu 鲁 who had obtained the Chunqiu annals from Confucius' disciple Zixia 子夏 and wrote a commentar to it. The book is in fact the result of a commentary tradition which found its final codification at the beginning of the Former Han period 前汉 (206 BCE-8 CE). During the reign of Emperor Xuan 汉宣帝 (r. 74-49 BCE) it became part of the Confucian Canon that built the curriculum in the National University (taixue 太学).
Although the principle of commenting the entries of the Chunqiu annals and the objective to make a moral evaluation of the political events is the same as in the Gongyang commentary there are differences between the interpretation of the two.
During the Eastern Jin period 东晋 (317-420) Fan Ning 范宁 wrote a summary commentary to the Gulianzhuan called Chunqiu Guliangzhuan jijie 春秋谷梁传集解. The Tang period 唐 (618-907) scholar Yang Shixun 杨士勋 compiled another commentary. Both are united as Chunqiu Guliangzhuan zhushu 春秋谷梁传注疏, with the zhu commentary of Fan Ning and the shu commentary of Yang Shixun. During the Qing period 清 (1644-1911), Zhong Wenzheng 钟文蒸 compiled the Guliang buzhu 谷梁补注.
The two commentaries by Gongyang and Guliang are two surviving of a whole of four. The two lost commentaries were written by Master Zou 邹氏 and Master Xia 夹氏.