Chinese Food 1: Eight Major Cuisines八大菜系
China covers a large territory and has many nationalities, hence a variety of Chinese food with different but fantastic and mouthwatering flavor. Since China's local dishes have their own typical characteristics, generally, Chinese food can be roughly divided into eight regional cuisines, which has been widely accepted around. Certainly, there are many other local cuisines that are famous.
One of the eight major cuisines in China, Sichuan cuisine consists of many famous and special dishes with local flavors in Chongqing, Chengdu, north Sichuan and south Sichuan. With more than 3,000 approaches in nearly 40 categories of cooking such as frying, stir-frying, quick-frying, sauté and steaming. Sichuan cuisine is top-ranked for its variety of flavors.
With a long history and wide influence, Shandong cuisine is an important ingredient of China’s dietary culture. Shandong cuisine is salty, crispy and tender—and delicious! All the dishes are precisely made. The cuisine is famous for using shallots in flavoring its signature dishes such as roast duck, roast suckling pig, deep-fried pork hock and deep fried lamb with sesame sauce.
Jiangsu cuisine is famous for its seafood and features fine cutting and slicing skills and cooking duration. Jiangsu chefs employ slow-cooking and smoking to great effect to produce a salty and sweet flavor. The representative dishes include braised fish head, steamed shad, widgeon dish, chicken shreds with bean sprouts, chicken soup, crab meat & minced pork balls in casserole and fried hairtail with ham etc.
江苏菜用料以水鲜为主，刀工精细，注重火候，擅长烛、烟、熄、糯；追求本味，清鲜本和，咸甜醇正。代表菜有“拆烩大鱼头”、 “清蒸鲥鱼”、 “野鸭菜饭”、 “银芽鸡丝”、 “鸡汤煮千丝”、 “清炖蟹粉狮子头”、 “双皮刀鱼"等。
Precisely made, Hangzhou Cuisine boasts great variety, and favors quick-frying, frying, braising, and deep-frying; Ningbo Cuisine is salty and tasty, mainly cooked through steaming, roasting, and braising. The dishes are delicious, tender, soft and smooth; Shaoxing Cuisine is famous for river food. The dishes are tasty, crispy and soft and the soups are delicious and thick with rural flavors. The representative dishes are West Lake fish in vinegar gravy, Longjing prawn, Fenghua small clam and Nanhu crab meat.